OS People

Matthew Long


  • Modeling ocean ecosystems and biogeochemistry
  • Interactions between ocean physics and biology
  • Global carbon cycle
  • Ocean tracers and stable isotope biogeochemistry
  • Impacts of climate change on ecosystems and biogeochemistry


  • 2010 ,Ph.D., Oceanography, Stanford University
  • 2000, M.S., Environmental Engineering (Hydrology), Tufts University
  • 1998, B.S., Environmental Engineering, Tufts University


    Lovenduski, N. S., S. G. Yeager, K. Lindsay, and M. C. Long (2019), Predicting near-term variability in ocean carbon uptake, Earth System Dynamics, 10(1), 45-57, 10.5194/esd-10-45-2019.

    Resplandy, L., R. F. Keeling, Y. Eddebbar, M. K. Brooks, R. Wang, L. Bopp, M. C. Long, J. P. Dunne, W. Koeve, and A. Oschlies (2018), Quantification of ocean heat uptake from changes in atmospheric O2 and CO2 composition, Nature, 563(7729), 105-108, 10.1038/s41586-018-0651-8.

    Song, H., M. C. Long, P. Gaube, I. Frenger, J. Marshall, and D. J. McGillicuddy (2018), Seasonal variation in the correlation between anomalies of sea level and chlorophyll in the antarctic circumpolar current, Geophysical Research Letters, 45(10), 5011-5019, 10.1029/2017GL076246.

    Resplandy, L., R. Keeling, C. Rödenbeck, B. B. Stephens, S. Khatiwala, K. Rodgers, M. C. Long, L. Bopp, and P. Tans (2018), Revision of global carbon fluxes based on a reassessment of oceanic and riverine carbon transport, Nature Geoscience, 11(7), 504-509, 10.1038/s41561-018-0151-3.

    Freeman, N. M., N. S. Lovenduski, D. R. Munro, K. M. Krumhardt, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, and M. Maclennan (2018), The variable and changing Southern Ocean Silicate Front: Insights from the CESM Large Ensemble, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1029/2017GB005816.

    Moore, J. K., W. Fu, F. Primeau, G. L. Britten, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, S. C.Doney, N. Mahowald, F. Hoffman, and J. T. Randerson (2018), Sustained climate warming drives declining marine biological productivity, Science, 359(6380), 1139-1143, 10.1126/science.aao6379.

    Yeager, S. G., G. Danabasoglu, N. Rosenbloom, W. Strand, S. Bates, G. Meehl, A. Karspeck, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, H. Teng, and et al. (2018), Predicting near-term changes in the earth system: A large ensemble of initialized decadal prediction simulations using the community earth system model, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/bams-d-17-0098.1.

    Harrison, C., M. C. Long, N. Lovenduski, and J. K. Moore (2018), Mesoscale effects on carbon export: a global perspective. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1002/2017GB005751.

    Muller-Karger, F. E., et al. (2018), Satellite sensor requirements for monitoring essential biodiversity variables of coastal ecosystems, Ecological applications, 10.1002/eap.1682.

    Yang, S., N. Gruber, M. C. Long, and M. Vogt (2017), ENSO-driven variability of denitrification and suboxia in the eastern tropical pacific ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31(10), 1470-1487, 10.1002/2016gb005596.

    Hamme, R. C., S. R. Emerson, J. P. Severinghaus, M. C. Long, and I. Yashayaev (2017), Using noble gas measurements to derive air-sea process information and predict physical gas saturations, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(19), 9901-9909, 10.1002/2017gl075123.

    Stephens, B. B., M. C. Long, R. F. Keeling, E. A. Kort, C. Sweeney, and others, The O2/N2 Ratio and CO2 Airborne Southern Ocean (ORCAS) Study (2018), Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0206.1.

    *Rohr, T., M. C. Long, M. T. Kavanaugh, K. Lindsay, and S. C. Doney (2017), Variability in the mechanisms controlling Southern Ocean phytoplankton bloom phenology in an ocean model and satellite observations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1002/2016GB005615.

    Ito, T., S. Minobe, M. C. Long, and C. Deutsch (2017), Upper Ocean O2 trends: 1958-2015, Geophy. Res. Lett., 10.1002/2017GL073613.

    *Eddebbar, Y. A., M. C. Long, L. Resplandy, C. Rödenbeck, K. B. Rodgers, M. Manizza, and R. F. Keeling (2017), Impacts of enso on air-sea oxygen exchange: observations and mechanisms, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1002/2017gb005630.

    Henson, S., C. Beaulieu, T. Ilyina, J. John, M. C. Long, R. Seferian, J. Tjiputra, and J. Sarmiento (2017), Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystem stress. Nature Communications, 8, 10.1038/NCOMMS14682.

    *Krumhardt, K. M., N. S. Lovenduski, M. C. Long, and K. Lindsay (2017), Avoidable impacts of ocean warming on marine primary production: Insights from the CESM ensembles. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 10.1002/2016GB005528. {pdf 7.4M}

    *Asher, E. C., J. W. H. Dacey, M. Stukel, M. C. Long, and P. D. Tortell (2016), Processes driving seasonal variability in DMS, DMSP, and DMSO concentrations and turnover in coastal Antarctic waters. Limnol. Oceanogr., 10.1002/lno.10379. {pdf 848K}

    Lovenduski, N. S., G. A. McKinley, A. R. Fay, K. Lindsay, and M. C. Long (2016) Partitioning uncertainty in ocean carbon uptake projections: Internal variability, emission scenario, and model structure. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 1276-1287, 10.1002/2016GB005426. {pdf 5.2M}

    Nevison, C. D.,M. Manizza, R. F. Keeling, B. B. Stephens, J. D. Bent, J. Dunne, T. Ilyina, M. C. Long, L. Resplandy, J. Tjiputra, S. Yukimoto (2016), Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen: Present-day performance and future projection, Geophy. Res. Lett., 43, 2077-2085, 10.1002/2015GL067584.

    Long, M. C., C. A. Deutsch, and T. Ito (2016), Finding forced trends in oceanic oxygen. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 381-397, 10.1002/2015GB005310. {pdf 9.9M}

    Bishop, S. P., P. R. Gent, F. O. Bryan, A. F. Thompson, M. C. Long, and R. Abernathy (2016), Southern Ocean Overturning Compensation in an Eddy-Resolving Climate Simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46 (5), 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0177.1. {pdf 21M}

    McKinley, G. A., D. J. Pilcher, A. R. Fay, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, and N. Lovenduski (2016), Timescales for detection of trends in the ocean carbon sink. Nature, 530, 469-472, 10.1038/nature16958.

    Farneti, R., et al. (2015), An assessment of Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation sensitivity during 1958-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.009. {pdf 7.4M}

    Long, M. C., K. Lindsay, and M. M. Holland (2015), Modeling photosynthesis in sea ice covered waters. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 07 (3), 1189-1206, 10.1002/2015MS000436. {pdf 2.1M}

    Lovenduski, N. S., M. C. Long, and K. Lindsay (2015), Natural variability in the surface ocean carbonate ion concentration. Biogeosci., 12, 6321-6335, 10.5194/bg-12-6321-2015. {pdf 3.7M}

    Ito, T., A. Bracco, C. Deutsch, H. Frenzel, M. C. Long, and Y. Takano (2015), Sustained growth of the Southern Ocean carbon storage in a warming climate. Geophy. Res. Lett., 42, 10.1002/2015GL064320. {pdf 644K}

    Burd, A. B., S. Frey, A. Cabre, T. Ito, N.M. Levine, C. Lønborg, M. C. Long, M. Mauritz, R. Q Thomas, B. Stevens, T. Vanwalleghem, N. Zeng (2015), Terrestrial and marine perspectives on modeling organic matter degradation pathways and controls. Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.12987. {pdf 800K}

    Downes, S. M., et al. (2015), An assessment of Southern Ocean water masses and sea ice during 1988-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.022. {pdf 16M}

    Doney, S. C., L. Bopp, and M. C. Long (2014), Historical and future trends in ocean climate and biogeochemistry. Oceanogr., 27 (1), 109-119, 10.5670/oceanog.2014.14. {pdf 1.4M}

    Lindsay, K., G. Bonan, S. C. Doney, F. Hoffman, D. M. Lawrence, M. C. Long, N. Mahowald, J. K. Moore, J. T. Randerson, and P. E. Thornton. (2014), Preindustrial control and 20th Century experiments with the earth system model CESM1-(BGC). J. Clim., 27 (24), 8981-9005, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00565.1. {pdf 3.0M}

    Moore, J. K., K. Lindsay, S. C. Doney, M. C. Long, and K. Misumi (2013), Marine ecosystem dynamics and biogeochemical cycling in the community earth system model [CESM1(BGC)]: Comparison of the 1990s with the 2090s under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. J. Clim., 26 (23), 9291-9312, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00566.1. {pdf 4.2M}

    Lovenduski, N. S., M. C. Long, P. R. Gent, and K. Lindsay (2013), Multi-decadal trends in the advection and mixing of natural carbon in the Southern Ocean. Geophy. Res. Lett., 40 (1), 139-142, 10.1029/2012GL054483. {pdf 700K}

    Smith, W. O., S. Tozzi, M. C. Long, P. S. Sedwick, G. R. DiTullio, J. A. Peloquin, R. B. Dunbar, D. A. Hutchins, Z. Kolber (2013), Spatial and temporal variations in variable fluoresence in the Ross Sea (Antarctica): Oceanographic correlates and bloom dynamics. Deep Sea Res., 79, 141-155, 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.05.002. {pdf 12M}

    Hurrell, J. W., M. M. Holland, P. R. Gent, S. Ghan, J. E. Kay, P. J. Kushner, J.-F. Lamarque, W. G. Large, D. Lawrence, K. Lindsay, W. H. Lipscomb, M. C. Long, N. Mahowald, D. R. Marsh, R. B. Neale, P. Rasch, S. Vavrus, M. Vertenstein, D. Bader, W. D. Collins, J. J. Hack, J. Kiehl, S. Marshall (2013), The Community Earth System Model: A framework for collaborative research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1. {pdf 1.7M}

    Long, M. C., K. Lindsay, S. Peacock, J. K. Moore, and S. C. Doney (2013), Twentieth-Century Oceanic Carbon Uptake and Storage in CESM1(BGC). J. Clim., 26 (18), 6775-6800, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00184.1. {pdf 27M}

    Long, M. C., L. N. Thomas, and R. B. Dunbar (2012), Control of phytoplankton bloom inception in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, by Ekman restratification. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 26 (1), GB1006, 10.1029/2010GB003982. {pdf 2.8M}

    Tortell, P. D., M. C. Long, C. D. Payne, A.-C. Alderkamp, P. Dutrieux, and K. R. Arrigo (2012), Spatial distribution of pCO2, ∆O2/Ar and dimethylsulfide (DMS) in polynya waters and the sea ice zone of the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. Deep Sea Res., 71, 77-93, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.03.010. {pdf 3.4M}

    Sedwick, P. N., C. M. Marsay, B. M. Sohst, A. M Aguilar-Islas, M. C. Lohan, M. C. Long, K. R. Arrigo, R. B. Dunbar, M. A. Saito, W. O. Smith, G. R. DiTullio (2011), Early season depletion of dissolved iron in the Ross Sea polynya: Implications for iron dynamics on the Antarctic continental shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C12019, 10.1029/2010JC006553. {pdf 10.0M}

    Tortell, P. D., C. Guéguen, M. C. Long, C. D. Payne, P. Lee, and G. R. DiTullio (2011), Spatial variability and temporal dynamics of surface water pCO2, ∆O2/Ar, and dimethylsulfide in the Ross Sea, Antarctic. Deep Sea Res., 58 (3), 241-259, 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.006. {pdf 3.0M}

    Berg, G. M., M. M. Mills, M. C. Long and R. Bellerby, V. Strass, N. Savoye, R. Röttgers, P. L. Croot, A. Webb, and K. R. Arrigo (2011), Variation in particulate C and N isotope composition following iron fertilization in two successive phytoplankton communities in the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 25, GB3013, 10.1029/2010GB003824. {pdf 1.3M}

    Long, M. C., R. B. Dunbar, P. D. Tortell, W. O. Smith, D. A. Mucciarone, and G. R. DiTullio (2011), Vertical structure, seasonal drawdown, and net community production in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 116 (C10029), 10.1029/2009JC005954. {pdf 7.1M}

    Feng, Y., C.E. Hare, J.M. Rose, S.M. Handy, G.R. DiTullio, P.A. Lee, W.O. Smith Jr., J. Peloquin, S. Tozzi, J. Sun, Y. Zhang, R.B. Dunbar, M. C. Long, B. Sohst, M. Lohan, and D.A. Hutchins (2010), Interactive effects of iron, irradiance and CO2 on Ross Sea phytoplankton. Deep Sea Res., 57, 368-383, 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.10.013. {pdf 500K}

    Munro, D. R., R. B. Dunbar, D. A. Mucciarone, K. R. Arrigo, and M. C. Long (2010), Stable isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon and particulate organic carbon in sea ice from the Ross Sea, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 115 (C9), C09005, 10.1029/2009JC005661. {pdf 848K}

    Tortell, P. D. and M. C. Long (2009), Spatial and temporal variability of biogenic gases during the Southern Ocean spring bloom. Geophy. Res. Lett., 36, L01603, 10.1029/2008GL035819. {pdf 3.4M}

    Rose, J. M., Y. Feng, Y., G. R. DiTullio, R. B. Dunbar, C. E. Hare, P. A. Lee, M. Lohan, M. C. Long, W. O. Smith Jr., B. Sohst, S. Tozzi, Y. Zhang, and D. A. Hutchins (2009), Synergistic effects of iron and temperature on Antarctic plankton assemblages. Biogeosci., 6 (12), 3131-3147, 10.5194/bg-6-3131-2009. {pdf 524K}

    Arrigo, K. R., G. van Dijken, and M. C. Long (2008), Coastal Southern Ocean: A strong anthropogenic CO2 sink. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21602, 10.1029/2008GL035624. {pdf 1.3M}


    Fassbender, A. J., J. B. Palter, M. C. Long, T. Ito, S. P. Bishop, and M. F. Cronin (2018), Ocean Carbon Hot Spots. A Joint US CLIVAR and OCB Workshop Report, 2018-3, 34 pp., 10.5065/D6Z036ZS.

    Long, M. C., The oceans are gasping for air (2018), editorial, The Mark News.

    DiNezio, P. N., L. Barbero, M. C. Long, N. Lovenduski, and C. Deser (2015), Anthropogenic changes in the tropical ocean carbon cycle masked by Pacific Decadal Variability? US-CLIVAR Variations, 13 (2). {pdf 1.3M}

    Bracco, A., M. C. Long, N. M. Levine, R. Q. Thomas, C. Deutsch, and G. A. McKinley (2015), NCAR's Summer Colloquium: Capacity building in Cross-disciplinary Research of Earth System Carbon-climate Connections. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00246.1. {pdf 492K}

    Thomas, R. Q., G. A. McKinley, and M. C. Long (2013), Examining uncertainties in representations of the carbon cycle in Earth system models. Eos, 94 (48), 460-460, 10.1002/2013EO480006.

    Long, M. C. (2010), Upper ocean physical and ecological dynamics in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University.

CGD People

Matthew Long
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