VEMAP References

VEMAP Members (J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, I. Woodward) (1995)
Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP): Comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4): 407-437.

Schimel, D.S., VEMAP Participants and B.H. Braswell. 1997.
Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs 67: 251-271.

Kittel, T.G.F., J.A. Royle, C. Daly, N.A. Rosenbloom, W.P. Gibson, H.H. Fisher, D.S. Schimel, L.M. Berliner, and VEMAP2 Participants. (1997)
A gridded historical (1895-1993) bioclimate dataset for the conterminous United States. In: Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Applied Climatology, 20-24 October 1997, Reno, NV. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Kittel, T.G.F, D.S. Ojima, D.S. Schimel, R. McKeown, J.G. Bromberg, T.H. Painter, N.A. Rosenbloom, W.J. Parton, and F. Giorgi (1996)
Model-GIS Integration and data set development for assessing the vulnerability of terrestrial ecosystems to climate change. Pages 293-297, in: GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues. M. Goodchild, L. Steyaert, B. Parks, C. Johnston, D. Maidment, M. Crane and S. Glendinning (eds.). GIS World Books, Ft. Collins, CO.

Kittel, T.G.F, N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, H.H. Fisher, A. Grimsdell, VEMAP Participants, C. Daly, and E.R. Hunt, Jr. (1996)
The VEMAP Phase I database: An integrated input dataset for ecosystem and vegetation modeling for the conterminous United States. CDROM and World Wide Web (URL=

Kittel, T.G.F, N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP Modeling Participants, (1995)
The VEMAP integrated database for modeling United States ecosystem/vegetation sensitivity to climate change. Journal of Biogeography. 22(4-5):857-862.

Kittel, T.G.F. (1995)
Position paper - Multiple roles for GIS in U.S. Global Change Research. Pp. 65-68, in: Research Initiative-15: Multiple Roles for GIS in U.S. Global Change Research. Report of the First Specialist Meeting Santa Barbara, CA, 8-11 March 1995. M.F. Goodchild, J.E. Estes, K. Beard, T. Foresman, and J. Robinson (eds.). National Center for Geographical Information and Analysis, Santa Barbara, CA.

Pan, Y., A.D. McGuire, D.W. Kicklighter, and J.M. Melillo. 1996.
The importance of climate and soils on estimates of net primary production: A sensitivity analysis with the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model. Global Change Biology 2: 5-23.

Rosenbloom, N.A., T.G.F. Kittel (1996)
A User's Guide to the VEMAP Phase I Database. NCAR Technical Note TN-431+IA. 53pp.


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