OS People

Stephen Yeager

Research Interests

  • Climate Dynamics
  • Climate Prediction
  • Ocean-driven Climate Variability
  • High Resolution Climate Modeling


  • Wu, X, S. G. Yeager, C. Deser, N. Rosenbloom, and G. A. Meehl, 2023: Volcanic forcing degrades multiyear-to-decadal prediction skill in the tropical Pacific, Sci. Adv., 9, eadd9364, doi:10.1126/sciadv.add9364.
  • Lee, S.-K., R. Lumpkin, F. Gomez, S. Yeager, H. Lopez, F. Takglis, S. Dong, W. Aguiar, D. Kim, and M. Baringer, 2023: Human-induced changes in the global meridional overturning circulation are emerging from the Southern Ocean, Commun. Earth Environ., 4(69), doi:10.1038/s43247-023-00727-3.
  • Chang, P., G. Xu, J. Kurian, R. J. Small, G. Danabasoglu, S. Yeager, F. Castruccio, Q. Zhang, N. Rosenbloom, and P. Chapman, 2023: Uncertain future of sustainable fisheries environment in eastern boundary upwelling zones under climate change, Commun. Earth Environ., 4(19), doi:10.1038/s43247-023-00681-0.
  • Xu, G., P. Chang, S. Ramachandran, G. Danabasoglu, S. Yeager, J. Small, Q. Zhang, Z. Jing, and L. Wu, 2022: Impacts of Model Horizontal Resolution on Mean Sea Surface Temperature Biases in the Community Earth System Model, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 127, e2022JC019065, doi:10.1029/2022JC019065.
  • Yeager, S., N. Rosenbloom, S. Glanville, X. Wu, I. Simpson, H. Li, M. J. Molina, K. Krumhardt, S. Mogen, K. Lindsay, D. Lombardozzi, W. Wieder, W. Kim, J. Richter, M. Long, G. Danabasoglu, D. Bailey, M. Holland, N. Lovenduski, W. Strand, and T. King, 2022: The Seasonal-to-Multiyear Large Ensemble (SMYLE) Prediction System using the Community Earth System Model Version 2, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 6451-6493, doi:10.5194/gmd-15-6451-2022.
  • Diao, X., A. Stössel, P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, S. G. Yeager, A. Gopal, H. Wang, and S. Zhang, 2022: On the intermittent occurrence of open-ocean polynyas in a multi-century high-resolution preindustrial Earth System Model simulation, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 127, e2021JC017672, doi:10.1029/2021JC017672.
  • Meehl, G.A., H. Teng, D. Smith, S. Yeager, W. Merryfield, F. Doblas-Reyes, and A. A. Glanville, 2022: The effects of bias, drift, and trends in calculating anomalies for evaluating skill of seasonal-to-decadal initialized climate predictions, Clim. Dyn., 59, 3373-3389, doi:10.1007/s00382-022-06272-7.
  • Mogen, S. C., N. S. Lovenduski, A. R. Dallmann, L. Gregor, A. J. Sutton, S. J. Bograd, N. C. Quiros, E. Di Lorenzo, E. L. Hazen, M. G. Jacox, M. P. Buil, and S. Yeager, 2022: Ocean biogeochemical signatures of the North Pacific Blob, Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2021GL096938, doi:10.1029/2021GL096938.
  • Li, D., P. Chang, S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, F. Castruccio, J. Small, H. Wang, Q. Zhang, and A. Gopal, 2022: The impact of horizontal resolution on projected sea-level rise along US east continental shelf with the Community Earth System Model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Sy., 14, e2021MS002868, doi:10.1029/2021MS002868.
  • Payne, M. R., A. K. Miesner, N. Keenlyside, S. Yang, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, and D. Matei, 2022: Skilful decadal-scale prediction of fish habitat and distribution shifts, Nat. Commun., 13, 2660, doi:10.1038/s41467-022-30280-0.
  • Wu, X., Y. M. Okumura, P. N. DiNezio, S. Yeager, and C. Deser, 2022: The equatorial Pacific cold tongue bias in CESM1 and its influence on ENSO forecasts, J. Climate, 35(11), 3261-3277, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0470.1.
  • Richter, J., A. Glanville, J. Edwards, B. Kauffman, N. Davis, A. Jaye, H. Kim, N. Pedatella, L. Sun, J. Berner, W. Kim, S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, J. Caron, and K. Oleson, 2022: Subseasonal Earth System Prediction with CESM2, Wea. Forecasting, 37, 797-815, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-21-0163.1.
  • Zhang, Q., P. Chang, S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, and S. Zhang, 2022: Role of Sea-Surface Salinity in Simulating Historical Decadal Variations of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a Coupled Climate Model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2021GL096922, doi:10.1029/2021GL096922.
  • Rodgers, K. B., S.-S. Lee, N. Rosenbloom, A. Timmermann, G. Danabasoglu, C. Deser, J. Edwards, J.-E. Kim, I. Simpson, K. Stein, M. F. Stuecker, R. Yamaguchi, T. Bodai, E.-S. Chung, L. Huang, W. Kim, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Lombardozzi, W. R. Wieder, and S. G. Yeager, 2021: Ubiquity of human-induced changes in climate variability, Earth Syst. Dynam., 12, 1393-1411, doi:10.5194/esd-12-1393-2021.
  • Yeager, S. G., F. Castruccio, P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, E. Maroon, J. Small, H. Wang, L. Wu, S. Zhang, 2021: An Outsized Role for the Labrador Sea in the Multidecadal Variability of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation, Science Advances, 7(41), doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abh3592.
  • Liang, Y., C. Frankignoul, Y. Kwon, G. Gastineau, E. Manzini, G. Danabasoglu, L. Suo, S. Yeager, Y. Gao, J. J. Attema, A. Cherchi, R. Ghosh, D. Matei, J. V. Mecking, T. Tian, and Y. Zhang, 2021: Impacts of Arctic Sea Ice on Cold Season Atmospheric Variability and Trends Estimated from Observations and a Multimodel Large Ensemble, J. Climate, 34 (20), 8419-8443, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0578.1.
  • Yeager, S. G., P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, J. Edwards, N. Rosenbloom, Q. Zhang, D. Fu, X. Liu, and F. Castruccio, 2021: Bringing the Future into Focus: Benefits and Challenges of High-Resolution Global Climate Change Simulations, Computing in Science & Engineering, 23(3), 34-41, doi:10.1109/MCSE.2021.3068244.
  • Maroon, E., S. G. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2021: Was the 2015 North Atlantic subpolar cold anomaly predictable? J. Climate, 34(13), 5403-5423, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0750.1.
  • Esit, M., S. Kumar, A. Pandey, D. M. Lawrence, I. Rangwala, and S. G. Yeager, 2021: Seasonal to multi-year soil moisture drought forecasting, npj Clim. Atmos. Sci., 4(16), doi: 10.1038/s41612-021-00172-z.
  • Ortega, P., J. Robson, M. Menary, R. Sutton, A. Blaker, A. Germe, J. Hirschi, B. Sinha, L. Hermanson, and S. Yeager, 2021: Labrador Sea subsurface density as a precursor of multidecadal variability in the North Atlantic: a multi-model study, Earth Syst. Dyn., 12, 419-438, doi: 10.5194/esd-12-419-2021.
  • Kim, W., S. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2021: Revisiting the causal connection between the Great Salinity Anomaly of the 1970s and the shutdown of Labrador Sea deep convection, J. Clim., 34(2), 675-696, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0327.1.
  • Ilyina, T., H. Li, A. Spring, W. A. Müller, L. Bopp, M. O. Chikamoto, G. Danabasoglu, M. Dobrynin, J. Dunne, F. Fransner, P. Friedlingstein, W. Lee, N. S. Lovenduski, W.J. Merryfield, J. Mignot, J.Y. Park, R. Séférian, R. Sospedra‐Alfonso, M. Watanabe, S. Yeager, 2020: Predictable variations of the carbon sinks and atmospheric CO2 growth in a multi‐model framework, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2020GL090695, doi:10.1029/2020GL090695.
  • Richter, J. H., K. Pegion, L. Sun, H. Kim, J. M. Caron, A. Glanville, E. LaJoie, S. Yeager, W. M. Kim, A. Tawfik, and D. Collins, 2020: Subseasonal prediction with and without a well-represented stratosphere in CESM1, Weather and Forecasting, 35(6), 2589-2602, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-20-0029.1.
  • Chang, P., S. Zhang, G. Danabasoglu, S. G. Yeager, H. Fu, H. Wang, F. S. Castruccio, Y. Chen, J. Edwards, D. Fu, Y. Jia, L. C. Laurindo, X. Liu, N. Rosenbloom, R. J. Small, G. Xu, Y. Zeng, Q. Zhang, J. Bacmeister, D. A. Bailey, X. Duan, A. K. DuVivier, D. Li, Y. Li, R. Neale, A. Stössel, L. Wang, Y. Zhuang, A. Baker, S. Bates, J. Dennis, X. Diao, B. Gan, A. Gopal, D. Jia, Z. Jing, X. Ma, R. Saravanan, W. G. Strand, J. Tao, H. Yang, X. Wang, X. Wei, and L. Wu 2020: An Unprecedented Set of High-Resolution Earth System Simulations for Understanding Multiscale Interactions in Climate Variability and Change, JAMES, 12, e2020MS002298, doi:10.1029/2020MS002298.
  • Liang, Y.-C., M.-H. Lo, C.-W. Lan, H. Seo, C. C. Ummenhofer, S. Yeager, R.-J. Wu, and J. Steffen, 2020: Amplified seasonal cycle in hydroclimate over the Amazon river basin and its plume region, Nat. Commun., 11, 4390, doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18187-0.
  • Chassignet, E., S. G. Yeager, B. Fox-Kemper, A. Bozec, F. Castruccio, G. Danabasoglu, C. Horvat, W. M. Kim, N. Koldunov, Y. Li, P. Lin, H. Liu, D. Sein, D. Sidorenko, Q. Wang, and X. Xu, 2020: Impact of horizontal resolution on global ocean-sea-ice model simulations based on the experimental protocols of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project phase 2 (OMIP-2), Geosci. Mod. Dev., 13, 4595-4637, doi:10.5194/gmd-13-4595-2020.
  • Zhang, S., H. Fu, L. Wu, Y. Li, H. Wang, Y. Zeng, X. Duan, W. Wan, Y. Zhuang, H. Meng, K. Xu, P. Xu, L. Gan, Z. Liu, S. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Yu, S. Shi, L. Wang, S. Xu, W. Xue, W. Liu, Q. Guo, J. Zhang, G. Zhu, Y. Tu, J. Edwards, A. Baker, J. Yong, M. Yuan, Y. Yu, Q. Zhang, Z. Liu, M. Li, D. Jia, G. Yang, Z. Wei, J. Pan, P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, S. Yeager, N. Rosenbloom, and Y. Guo, 2020: Optimizing High-Resolution Community Earth System Model on a Heterogeneous Many-Core Supercomputing Platform (CESM-HR_sw1.0), Geosci. Mod. Dev., 13, 4809-4829, doi:10.5194/gmd-13-4809-2020.
  • Tsujino, H., L. S. Urakawa, S. M. Griffies, G. Danabasoglu, A. J. Adcroft, A. E. Amarai, T. Arsouze, M. Bentsen, R. Bernardello, C. W. Böning, A. Bozec, E. P. Chassignet, S. Danilov, R. Dussin, E. Exarchou, P. G. Fogli, B. Fox-Kemper, C. Guo, M. Ilicak, D. Iovino, W. M. Kim, N. Koldunov, V. Lapin, Y. Li, P. Lin, K. Lindsay, H. Liu, M. C. Long, Y. Komuro, S. J. Marsland, S. Masina, A. Nummelin, J. K. Rieck, Y. Ruprich-Robert, M. Scheinert, V. Sicardi, D. Sidorenko, T. Suzuki, H. Tatebe, Q. Wang, S. G. Yeager, and Z. Yu, 2020: Evaluation of global ocean–sea-ice model simulations based on the experimental protocols of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project phase 2 (OMIP-2), Geosci. Mod. Dev., 13, 3643-3708, doi:10.5194/gmd-13-3643-2020.
  • Roberts, M. J., L. C. Jackson, C. D. Roberts, V. Meccia, D. Docquier, T. Koenigk, P. Ortega, E. Moreno-Chamarro, A. Bellucci, A. Coward, S. Drijfhout, E. Exarchou, O. Gutjahr, H. Hewitt, D. Iovino, K. Lohmann, D. Putrasahan, R. Schiemann, J. Seddon, L. Terray, X. Xu, Q. Zhang, P. Chang, S. G. Yeager, F. S. Castruccio, S. Zhang, and L. Wu, 2020: Sensitivity of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to Model Resolution in CMIP6 HighResMIP Simulations and Implications for Future Changes, JAMES, 12, e2019MS002014, doi:10.1029/2019MS002014.
  • Yeager, S., 2020: The abyssal origins of North Atlantic decadal predictability, Clim. Dyn., 55(7), 2253-2271, doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05382-4. [SharedIt]
  • Dunstone, N., D. Smith, S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, P.-A. Monerie, L. Hermanson, R. Eade, S. Ineson, J. I. Robson, A. A. Scaife, and H.-L. Ren, 2020: Skilful interannual climate prediction from two large initialised model ensembles, Env. Res. Lett., 15, 094083, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab9f7d.
  • Christensen, H. M., J. Berner, and S. Yeager, 2020: The Value of Initialisation on Decadal Timescales: State-Dependent Predictability in the CESM Decadal Prediction Large Ensemble , J. Clim., 33, 7353–7370, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0571.1.
  • Lu, L., S. Zhang, S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, P. Chang, L. Wu, X. Lin, A. Rosati, and F. Lu, 2020: Impact of coherent ocean stratification on AMOC reconstruction by coupled data assimilation with a biased model, J. Clim., 33, 7319–7334, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0735.1.
  • D. M. Smith, A. A. Scaife, R. Eade, P. Athanasiadis, A. Bellucci, I. Bethke, R. Bilbao, L. F. Borchert, L.-P. Caron, F. Counillon, G. Danabasoglu, T. Delworth, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, N. J. Dunstone, V. Estella-Perez, S. Flavoni, L. Hermanson, N. Keenlyside, V. Kharin, M. Kimoto, W. J. Merryfield, J. Mignot, T. Mochizuki, K. Modali, P.-A. Monerie, W. A. Müller, D. Nicolí, P. Ortega, K. Pankatz, H. Pohlmann, J. Robson, P. Ruggieri, R. Sospedra-Alfonso, D. Swingedouw, Y. Wang, S. Wild, S. Yeager, X. Yang, and L. Zhang, 2020: North Atlantic Climate Far More Predictable than Models Imply, Nature, 583, 796-800, doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2525-0.
  • Krumhardt, K. M., N. S. Lovenduski, M. C. Long, J. Y. Luo, K. Lindsay, S. Yeager, and C. Harrison, 2020: Potential predictability of net primary production in the ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34, e2020GB006531, doi:10.1029/2020GB006531.
  • Hermanson, L., R. Bilbao, N. Dunstone, M. Menegoz, P. Ortega, H. Pohlmann, J. Robson, D. Smith, G. Strand, C. Timmreck, S. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2020: Robust Multiyear Climate Impacts of Volcanic Eruptions in Decadal Prediction Systems, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, e2019JD031739, doi:10.1029/2019JD031739.
  • Athanasiadis, P., S. Yeager, Y.-O. Kwon, A. Bellucci, D. Smith, and S. Tibaldi, 2020: Decadal predictability of North Atlantic blocking and the NAO, npj Clim. Atmos. Sci., 3:20, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-020-0120-6.
  • Brady, R. X., N. S. Lovenduski, S. G. Yeager, and M. Long, 2020: Skillful multiyear predictions of ocean acidification in the California Current System, Nat. Commun., 11, 2166, doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15722-x.
  • Merryfield, W. J., et al., 2020: Current and emerging developments in subseasonal to decadal prediction, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 101, E869–E896, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0037.1.
  • Stewart, K. D., W. M. Kim, S. Urakawa, A. McC. Hogg, S. Yeager, H. Tsujino, H. Nakano, A. E. Kiss, and G. Danabasoglu, 2020: JRA55-do-based repeat year forcing datasets for driving ocean--sea-ice models, Ocean Modelling, 147, 101557, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2019.101557.
  • Rahaman, H., U. Srinivasu, S. Panickal, J. V. Durgadoo, S. M. Griffies, M. Ravichandran, A. Bozec, A. Cherchi, A. Voldoire, D. Sidorenko, E. P. Chassignet, G. Danabasoglu, H. Tsujino, K. Getzlaff, M. Ilicak, M. Bentsen, M. C. Long, P. G. Fogli, R. Farneti, S. Danilov, S. J. Marsland, S. Valcke, S. G. Yeager, and Q. Wang, 2020: An assessment of the Indian Ocean mean state and seasonal cycle in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations, Ocean Modelling, 145, 101503, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2019.101503.
  • Liang, Y.-C., Y.-O. Kwon, C. Frankignoul, G. Danabasoglu, S. Yeager, A. Cherchi, Y. Gao, G. Gastineau, R. Ghosh, D. Matei, J. V. Mecking, D. Peano, L. Suo, and T. Tian, 2020: Quantification of the Arctic Sea Ice-Driven Atmospheric Circulation Variability in Coordinated Large Ensemble Simulations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2019GL085397, doi:10.1029/2019GL085397.
  • Kim, W. M., S. G. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2020: Atlantic Multidecadal Variability and Associated Climate Impacts Initiated by Ocean Thermohaline Dynamics, J. Clim., 33, 1317-1334, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0530.1.
  • Lovenduski, N. S., G. Bonan, S. Yeager, K. Lindsay, and D. Lombardozzi, 2019: High predictability of terrestrial carbon fluxes from an initialized decadal prediction system, Env. Res. Lett., 14, 124074, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab5c55.
  • Danabasoglu, G., L. Landrum, S. Yeager, and P. Gent, 2019: Robust and Non-robust Aspects of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variability and Mechanisms in the Community Earth System Model, J. Clim., 32, 7349-7368, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0026.1.[pdf]
  • Moffa-Sánchez, P., E. Moreno-Chamarro, D. J. Reynolds, P. Ortega, L. Cunningham, D. Swingedouw, D. E. Amrhein, J. Halfar, L. Jonkers, J. H. Jungclaus, K. Perner, A. Wanamaker, and S. Yeager, 2019: Variability in the northern North Atlantic and Arctic oceans across the last two millenia: a review, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34;8, 1399-1436, doi:10.1029/2018PA003508.
  • Simpson, I. R., S. G. Yeager, K. A. McKinnon, and C. Deser, 2019: Decadal predictability of late winter precipitation in western Europe through an ocean-jet stream connection, Nat. Geosci., 12:8, 613-619, doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0391-x. [pdf]
  • Smith, D. M., R. Eade, A. A. Scaife, L.-P. Caron, T. M. DelSole, G. Danabasoglu, T. Delworth, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, N. J. Dunstone, L. Hermanson, V. Kharin, M. Kimoto, W. J. Merryfield, T. Mochizuki, W. A. Müller, H. Pohlmann, S. Yeager, and X. Yang, 2019: Robust skill of decadal climate predictions, npj Clim. Atm. Sci., 2:1, doi:10.1038/s41612-019-0071-y. [pdf]
  • Li, F., S. Lozier, G. Danabasoglu, N. P. Holliday, Y.-O. Kwon, A. Romanou, S. G. Yeager, and R. Zhang, 2019: Local and downstream relationships between Labrador Sea Water volume and North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability, J. Clim., 32, 3883-3898, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0735.1. [pdf]
  • Zhang, R., R. Sutton, G. Danabasoglu, Y.-O. Kwon, R. Marsh, S. G. Yeager, D. E. Amrhein, and C. M. Little, 2019: A Review of the Role of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in Atlantic Multidecadal Variability and Associated Climate Impacts, Rev. Geophys., 57, doi:10.1029/2019RG000644. [pdf]
  • Fox-Kemper, B., A. Adcroft, C. W. Böning, E. P. Chassignet, E. Curchitser, G. Danabasoglu, C. Eden, M. H. England, R. Gerdes, R. J. Greatbatch, S. M. Griffies, R. W. Hallberg, E. Hanert, P. Heimbach, H. T. Hewitt, C. N. Hill, Y. Komuro, S. Legg, J. Le Sommer, S. Masina, S. J. Marsland, S. G. Penny, F. Qiao, T. D. Ringler, A. M. Treguier, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, and S. G. Yeager, 2019: Challenges and Prospects in Ocean Circulation Models, Front. Mar. Sci., 6:65, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00065. [pdf]
  • Lovenduski, N. S., S. G. Yeager, K. Lindsay, and M. C. Long, 2019: Predicting near-term variability in ocean carbon uptake, Earth Sys. Dyn., 10, 45-57, doi:10.5194/esd-10-45-2019. [pdf]
  • Castruccio, F. S., Y. Ruprich-Robert, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, R. Msadek, and T. L. Delworth, 2019: Modulation of Arctic sea ice loss by atmospheric teleconnections from Atlantic Multidecadal Variability, J. Clim., 32, 1419-1441, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0307.1. [pdf]
  • Lee, S.-K., R. Lumpkin, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, M. Goes, S. Dong, H. Lopez, and S. G. Yeager, 2018: Global meridional overturning circulation inferred from a data-constrained ocean and sea-ice model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, doi:10.1029/2018GL080940. [pdf]
  • Kim, W. G., S. G. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2018: Key role of internal ocean dynamics in Atlantic Multidecadal Variability during the last half century, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 13449-13457, doi:10.1029/2018GL080474. [pdf]
  • Smith, D. M., A. A. Scaife, E. Hawkins, R. Bilbao, G. J. Boer, M. Caian, L.-P. Caron, G. Danabasoglu, T. Delworth, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, R. Doescher, N. J. Dunstone, R. Eade, L. Hermanson, M. Ishii, V. Kharin, M. Kimoto, T. Koenigk, Y. Kushnir, D. Matei, G. A. Meehl, M. Menegoz, W. J. Merryfield, T. Mochizuki, W. A. Müller, H. Pohlmann, S. Power, M. Rixen, M. Tuma, K. Wyser, X. Yang, and S. G. Yeager, 2018: Predicted chance that global warming will temporarily exceed 1.5°C, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, doi:10.1029/2018GL079362. [pdf]
  • Wang, H., J. L. McClean, L. D. Talley, and S. G. Yeager, 2018: Seasonal cycle and annual reversal of the Somali Current in an eddy-resolving global ocean model, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 123, doi:10.1029/2018JC013975. [pdf]
  • Tsujino, H., S. Urakawa, H. Nakano, R. J. Small, W. M. Kim, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, T. Suzuki, J. L. Bamber, M. Bentsen, C. Böning, A. Bozec, E. Chassignet, E. Curchitser, F. B. Dias, P. J. Durack, S. M. Griffies, Y. Harada, M. Ilicak, S. A. Josey, C. Kobayashi, S. Kobayashi, Y. Komuro, W. G. Large, J. Le Sommer, S. J. Marsland, S. Masina, M. Scheinert, H. Tomita, M. Valdivieso, and D. Yamazaki, 2018: JRA-55 based surface dataset for driving ocean--sea-ice models (JRA55-do), Ocean Modelling, 130, 79-139, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.07.002. [pdf]
  • Cheng, W., W. Weijer, W. M. Kim, G. Danabasoglu, S. G. Yeager, P. R. Gent, D. Zhang, J. C. H. Chiang, and J. Zhang, 2018: Can the salt-advection feedback be detected in internal variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation?, J. Climate, 31, 6649-6667, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0825.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., G. Danabasoglu, N. A. Rosenbloom, W. G. Strand, S. C. Bates, G. Meehl, A. Karspeck, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, H. Teng, and N. Lovenduski, 2018: Predicting near-term changes in the Earth System: A large ensemble of initialized decadal prediction simulations using the Community Earth System Model, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 1867-1886, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0098.1. [pdf] [Supp]
  • Ruprich-Robert, Y., Delworth T., R. Msadek, F. Castruccio, S. Yeager, and G. Danabasoglu, 2018: Impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on North American Summer Climate and Heat Waves, J. Climate, 31, 3679-3700, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0270.1. [pdf]
  • Kim, W. M., S. G. Yeager, P. Chang, and G. Danabasoglu, 2018: Low-frequency North Atlantic Climate Variability in the Community Earth System Model Large Ensemble, J. Climate, 31, 787-813, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0193.1. [pdf]
  • DiNezio, P., C. Deser, A. Karspeck, S. Yeager, Y. Okumura, G. Danabasoglu, N. Rosenbloom, J. Caron, and G. Meehl, 2017: A two-year forecast for a 60-80% chance of La Niña in 2017-18, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44,11624-11635, doi:10.1002/2017GL074904. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., and J. I. Robson, 2017: Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability, Curr. Clim. Change Rep., 3, 112-127, doi:10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z. [pdf]
  • Ruprich-Robert, Y., R. Msadek, F. Castruccio, S. Yeager, T. Delworth, and G. Danabasoglu, 2017: Assessing the climate impacts of the observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability using the GFDL CM2.1 and NCAR CESM1 global coupled models, J. Climate, 30, 2785-2810, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0127.1. [pdf]
  • Tseng, Y., H. Lin, H. Chen, K. Thompson, M. Bentsen, C. Böning, A. Bozec, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, C. H. Chow, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, R. Farneti, P. Fogli, Y. Fujii, S. Griffies, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, S. Masina, A. Navarra, L. Patara, B. L. Samuels, M. Scheinert, D. Sidorenko, C.-H. Sui, H. Tsujino, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, Q. Wang, and S. Yeager, 2016: North and equatorial Pacific Ocean circulation in the CORE-II hindcast simulations, Ocean Modelling, 104, 143-170, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.003.
  • Schoonover, J., W. Dewar, N. Wienders, J. Gula, J. C. McWilliams, M. J. Molemaker, S. C. Bates, G. Danabasoglu, and S. Yeager, 2016: North Atlantic barotropic vorticity balances in numerical models, J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 46, 289-303, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0133.1.
  • Zhang, R., R. Sutton, G. Danabasoglu, T. L. Delworth, W. M. Kim, J. Robson, and S. Yeager, 2016: Comment on "The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation without a role for ocean circulation", Science, 352 (6293), 1527, doi:10.1126/science.aaf1660. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S., W. Kim, and J. Robson, 2016: What caused the Atlantic cold blob of 2015? US CLIVAR Variations, 14, No 2, 24-31. [pdf]
  • Kim, W., S. Yeager, P. Chang, and G. Danabasoglu, 2016: Atmospheric conditions associated with Labrador Sea deep convection: New insights from a case study of the 2006/07 and 2007/08 winters, J. Climate, 29, 5281-5297, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0527.1. [pdf]
  • Danabasoglu, G., S. Yeager, W. Kim, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Bi, A. Biastoch, R. Bleck, C. Böning, A. Bozec, V. Canuto, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, A. Coward, S. Danilov, N. Diansky, H. Drange, R. Farneti, E. Fernandez, P. Fogli, G. Forget, Y. Fujii, S. Griffies, A. Gusev, P. Heimbach, A. Howard, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, A. Karspeck, and M. Kelley, 2016: North Atlantic simulations in coordinated ocean-ice reference experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part II: Inter-annual to decadal variability, Ocean Modelling, 97, 65-90, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.11.007. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S., A. Karspeck, and G. Danabasoglu, 2015: Predicted slowdown in the rate of Atlantic sea ice loss, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 42, 10,704-10,713, doi:10.1002/2015GL065364. [pdf][Supp]
  • Downes, S., R. Farneti, P. Uotila, S. Griffies, S. Marsland, D. Bailey, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Bi, A. Biastoch, C. Böning, A. Bozec, V. Canuto, E. Chassignet, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, N. Diansky, H. Drange, P. Fogli, A. Gusev, A. Howard, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, M. Kelley, W. Large, A. Leboissetier, M. Long, J. Lu, S. Masina, A. Mishra, A. Navarra, G. Nurser, L. Patara, B. Samuels, D. Sidorenko, P. Spence, H. Tsujino, Q. Wang, and S. Yeager, 2015: An assessment of Southern Ocean water masses and sea ice during 1988-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations, Ocean Modelling, 94, 67-94, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.022. [pdf]
  • Farneti, R., S. Downes, S. Griffies, S. Marsland, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Bi, A. Biastoch, C. Böning, A. Bozec, V. Canuto, E. Chassignet, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, N. Diansky, H. Drange, P. Fogli, A. Gusev, R. Hallberg, A. Howard, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, M. Kelley, W. Large, A. Leboissetier, M. Long, J. Lu, S. Masina, A. Mishra, A. Navarra, G. Nurser, L. Patara, B. Samuels, D. Sidorenko, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, Q. Wang, and S. Yeager, 2015: An assessment of Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Southern Ocean meridional overturning circulation during 1958-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations, Ocean Modelling, 93, 84-120, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.009. [pdf]
  • Kleppin, H., M. Jochum, B. Otto-Bliesner, C. Shields, and S. Yeager, 2015: Stochastic atmospheric forcing as a cause of Greenland climate transitions, J. Climate , 28, 7741-7763, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00728.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S., 2015: Topographic coupling of the Atlantic overturning and gyre circulations, J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 45, 1258-1284, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0100.1. [pdf]
  • Karspeck, A., S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, and H. Teng, 2014: An evaluation of experimental decadal predictions using CCSM4, Clim. Dyn. , 44, 907-923, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2212-7. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S., and G. Danabasoglu, 2014: The origins of late 20th century variations in the large-scale North Atlantic circulation, J. Climate, 27, 3222-3247, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00125.1. [pdf]
  • Meehl, G. A., L. Goddard, B. Kirtman, G. Branstator, G. Danabasoglu, E. Hawkins, A. Kumar, T. Rosati, D. Smith, R. Sutton, G. Boer, R. Burgman, C. Cassou, S. Corti, A. Karspeck, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, D. Matei, J. Mignot, R. Msadek, A. Navarra, H. Pohlmann, M. Rienecker, E. Schneider, C. Tebaldi, H. Teng, G. J. van Oldenborgh, G. Vecchi, and S. Yeager, 2014: Decadal Climate Prediction: An Update from the Trenches, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 243-267, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00241.1. [pdf]
  • Danabasoglu, G., S. Yeager, D. Bailey, et al., 2014: North Atlantic Simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part I: Mean States. Ocean Modelling, 73, 76-107, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.10.005. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S, 2013: Understanding and predicting changes in North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature, PhD thesis, University of Colorado, 176pp.. [pdf]
  • Karspeck, A., S. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, T. Hoar, N. Collins, K. Raeder, J. Anderson, and J. Tribbia, 2013: An Ensemble Adjustment Kalman Filter for the CCSM4 Ocean Component. J. Climate, 26, 7392-7413, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-0040.1. [pdf]
  • Msadek, R., W. E. Johns, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, T. L. Delworth, and A. Rosati, 2013: The Atlantic Meridional Heat transport at 26.5N and its relationship with the MOC in the RAPID array and the GFDL and NCAR coupled models. J. Climate, 26, 4335-4356, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00081.1. [pdf]
  • Bates, S. C., B. Fox-Kemper, S. R. Jayne, W. G. Large, S. Stevenson, and S. G. Yeager, 2012: Mean biases, variability, and trends in air-sea fluxes and sea surface temperature in the CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 7781-7801, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00442.1. [pdf]
  • Large, W. G., and S. G. Yeager, 2012: On the Observed Trends (1984-2006) and Changes in Global Sea Surface Temperature and Air-Sea Heat Fluxes. J. Climate, 25, 6123-6135, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00148.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S., A. Karspeck, G. Danabasoglu, J. Tribbia, and H. Teng, 2012: A Decadal Prediction Case Study: Late 20th Century North Atlantic Ocean Heat Content. J. Climate, 25, 5173-5189, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00595.1. [pdf]
  • Danabasoglu, G., S. G. Yeager, Y.-O. Kwon, J. Tribbia, A. Phillips, and J. Hurrell, 2012: Variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 5153-5172, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00463.1. [pdf]
  • Danabasoglu, G., S. Bates, B. P. Briegleb, S. R. Jayne, M. Jochum, W. G. Large, S. Peacock, and S. G. Yeager, 2012: The CCSM4 Ocean Component. J. Climate, 25, 1361-1389, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00091.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., and G. Danabasoglu, 2012: Sensitivity of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation variability to parameterized Nordic Sea overflows in CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 2077-2103, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00149.1. [pdf]
  • Lee S.-K., W. Park, E. van Sebille, M. O. Baringer, C. Wang, D. B. Enfield, S. Yeager, and B. P. Kirtman, 2011: What Caused the Significant Increase in Atlantic Ocean Heat Content Since the mid-20th Century?. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L17607, doi:10.1029/2011GL048856. [pdf]
  • Stevenson, S., B. Fox-Kemper, M. Jochum, B. Rajagopalan, and S. G. Yeager, 2010: ENSO Model Validation Using Wavelet Probability Analysis. J. Climate, 22, 5540-5547, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3609.1. [pdf]
  • Han, W., G. Meehl, B. Rajagopalan, J. Fasullo, A. Hu, J. Lin, W. Large, J. Wang, X. Quan, L. Trenary, A. Wallcraft, T. Shinoda, and S. Yeager, 2010: Patterns of Indian Ocean sea-level change in a warming climate. Nat. Geo., 3, 546-550, doi:10.1038/ngeo901. [pdf]
  • Jochum, M., S. G. Yeager, K. Lindsay, K. Moore, and R. Murtugudde, 2010: Quantification of the feedback between phytoplankton and ENSO in the Community Climate System Model. J. Climate, 23, 2916-2925, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3254.1. [pdf]
  • Gent, P., S. Yeager, R. Neale, S. Levis, and D. Bailey, 2009: Improvements in a Half Degree Atmosphere/Land version of the CCSM. Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0614-8. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., and M. Jochum, 2009: The Connection between Labrador Sea Buoyancy Loss, Deep Western Boundary Current Strength, and Gulf Stream Path in an Ocean Circulation Model. Ocean Modelling, 30, 207-224, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.06.014. [pdf]
  • Griffies, S. M., A. Biastoch, C. Böning, F. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, E. Chassignet, M. England, R. Gerdes, H. Haak, R. Hallberg, W. Hazeleger, J. Jungclaus, W. Large, G. Madec, A. Pirani, B. Samuels, M. Scheinert, A. Gupta, C. Severijns, H. Simmons, A. Treguier, M. Winton, S. Yeager, and J. Yin, 2009: Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs). Ocean Modelling, 26, 1-46, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.08.007. [pdf]
  • Large, W. G., and S. G. Yeager, 2009: The Global Climatology of an Interannually Varying Air-Sea Flux Data Set. Clim. Dyn., 33, 341-364, doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0441-3. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., and W. G. Large, 2007: Observational evidence of winter spice injection. J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 37, 2895-2919, doi:10.1175/2007JPO3629.1. [pdf]
  • Doney, S. C., S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, W. G. Large, and J. C. McWilliams, 2007: Mechanisms governing interannual variability of upper ocean temperature in a global ocean hindcast simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 37, 1918-1938, doi:10.1175/JPO3089.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., C. A. Shields, W. G. Large, and J. J. Hack, 2006: The low-resolution CCSM3. J. Climate, 19, 2545-2566, doi:10.1175/JCLI3744.1. [pdf]
  • Hack, J. J., J. M. Caron, S. G. Yeager, K. W. Oleson, M. M. Holland, J. E. Truesdale, and P. J. Rasch , 2006: Simulation of the global hydrological cycle in the CCSM Community Atmosphere Model version 3 (CAM3): Mean features. J. Climate, 19, 2199-2221, doi:10.1175/JCLI3755.1. [pdf]
  • Yeager, S. G., and W. G. Large, 2004: Late-winter generation of spiciness on subducted isopycnals. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 1528-1547, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2004)034<1528:LGOSOS>2.0.CO;2. [pdf]
  • W. G. Large and S. G. Yeager, 2004: Diurnal to decadal global forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: The data sets and flux climatologies. Technical Report TN-460+STR, NCAR, 105pp. [pdf]
  • Doney, S. C., S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, W. G. Large, and J. C. McWilliams, 2003: Modeling global oceanic inter-annual variability (1958-1997): Simulation design and model-data evaluation. Technical Report TN-452+STR, NCAR, 48pp. [pdf]

CGD People

Stephen Yeager