Week 3 Agenda

Monday 12 August (FL2, MMM classroom)

08:30-09:30Nikki Lovenduski, Key biomes: Southern Ocean

This lecture will discuss the importance of the Southern Ocean for the Global Carbon Cycle.

Suggested reading:
Lovenduski, N., N. Gruber, and S. Doney, 2008: Toward a mechanistic understanding of the decadal trends in the Southern Ocean carbon sink. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB3016, 10.1029/2007GB003139. {pdf}

Sarmiento, J. L., T. M. C. Hughes, R. J. Stou er, and S. Manabe, 1998: Simulated response of the ocean carbon cycle to anthropogenic climate warming. Nature, 393 (6682), 245-249, 10.1038/30455. {pdf}
09:30-10:30Curtis Deutsch, Glacial/interglacial CO2 variability

Tuesday 13 August (FL2, MMM classroom)

08:30-09:30David Schimel, Benchmarking modeled carbon-climate feedbacks

Suggested reading:
Keppel-Aleks, G., et al., 2013: Atmospheric carbon dioxide variability in the Community Earth System Model: Evaluation and transient dynamics during the 20th and 21st centuries. J. Climate, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00589.1. {pdf}

Schimel, D. S., VEMAP Participants, and B. H. Braswell, 1997: Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs, 67 (2), 251-271, 10.1890/0012-9615(1997)067[0251:CSVIEP]2.0.CO;2. {pdf}

Wednesday 14 August (FL2, MMM classroom)

8:30-09:30Bas van Ruijven, Integrated assessment modeling
09:30-10:30Joeri Rogelj, Carbon-climate uncertainty and policy implications

Suggested reading:
Rogelj, J., D. L. McCollum, B. C. O'Neill, and K. Riahi, 2013: 2020 emissions levels required to limit warming to below 2C. Nature Climate Change, 3, 405-412, 10.1038/nclimate1758. {pdf}

Rogelj, J., D. L. McCollum, A. Reisinger, M. Meinshausen, and K. Riahi, 2013: Probabilistic cost estimates for climate change mitigation. Nature, 493, 79-83, 10.1038/nature11787. {pdf}

Rogelj, J., M. Meinshausen, and R. Knutti, 2012: Global warming under old and new scenarios using IPCC climate sensitivity range estimates. Nature Climate Change, 2, 248-253, 10.1038/nclimate1385. {pdf}

Rogelj, J., et al., 2011: Emission pathways consistent with a 2C global temperature limit. Nature Climate Change, 1, 413-418, 10.1038/nclimate1258. {pdf}

Thursday 15 August (FL2, MMM classroom)

8:30-09:30Diane McKnight, Freshwater to coastal systems

Suggested reading:
Cole, J., et al., 2007: Plumbing the global carbon cycle: Integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget. Ecosystems, 10 (1), 172–185, doi:10.1007/s10021-006-9013-8.{pdf}
09:30-10:30Hanna Lee, Key biomes: Arctic Ecosystems

Uncertainties in terrestrial carbon (C)-climate feedbacks remain poorly characterized, particularly in Arctic systems with extensive permafrost soils. Permafrost soils contain a large fraction of terrestrial C storage and if permafrost thaws signi cantly under projected warming, this C may be vulnerable decomposition and release to the atmosphere. This lecture will cover the current state of knowledge on permafrost C and how thawing permafrost can influence future climate change by altering the balance between ecosystem C release and uptake.

Suggested reading:
Lee, H., E. A. G. Schuur, K. S. Inglett, M. Lavoie, and J. P. Chanton, 2012: The rate of permafrost carbon release under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and its potential eff ects on climate. Global Change Biology, 18 (2), 515-527, 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02519.x. {pdf}

MacDougall, A. H., C. A. Avis, and A. J. Weaver, 2012: Signi cant contribution to climate warming from the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature Geoscience, 5, 719-721, 10.1038/ngeo1573. {pdf}

Schuur, E. A. G., et al., 2008: Vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change: Implications for the global carbon cycle. BioScience, 58 (8), 701-714, 10.1641/B580807. {pdf}

Schuur, E. A. G., J. G. Vogel, K. G. Crummer, H. Lee, J. O. Sickman, and T. E. Osterkamp, 2009: The e ect of permafrost thaw on old carbon release and net carbon exchange from tundra. Nature, 459, 556-559, 10.1038/nature08031. {pdf}

Friday 16 August (FL2, MMM classroom)

08:30-12:00Final project presentations