**CURRICULUM VITAE **

**PETER ROBERT GENT**

**Academic Experience**

1967-1970: First Class Honours Degree in Mathematics, University of
Bristol.

1970-1971: M.Sc. (with Commendation) in Fluid Dynamics, Department
of Mathematics, University of Bristol.

Dec. 1971-1973: Ph.D. in Fluid Dynamics; Department of Mathematics,
University of Bristol, with supervisor Dr. P. G. Drazin.

Oct. 1973-June 1976: Research Fellow in the Department of Oceanography,
University of Southampton.

Sept. 1976-June 1979: Visiting Scientist to the Oceanography Section,
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

July 1979-June 1983: Scientist II with the Oceanography Section,
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

July 1983-June 1990: Scientist III with the Oceanography Section,
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

July 1990-June 2018: Senior Scientist with the Oceanography Section,
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

Jan. 1994-June 2005: Head of the Oceanography Section, National
Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

Sept.-Oct. 1996: Visiting Scientist at the Isaac Newton Institute for
Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge, England.

Jan.-Feb. 2003: Distinguished Frohlich Visiting Scholar at the CSIRO
Division of Oceanography in Hobart, Tasmania.

July 2005-Sept. 2009: Chief Scientist for the Community
Climate System Model: a cooperative project between NCAR,
Universities and National Laboratories, funded by the NSF and DOE.

May 2013-Feb. 2015: Science Advisor to the NCAR Executive Committee.

July 2018-Present: Senior Research Associate with the Oceanography
Section, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder Colorado.

**Editorship**

Co-Editor of Journal of Physical Oceanography; 1988 through 1991.

Associate Editor of Journal of Physical Oceanography; 1992 to present.

Editor of Journal of Climate; July 2013 to December 2015.

Associate Editor of Journal of Climate; August 2016 to present.

**Societies**

Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (2004).

Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (2019).

Sverdrup Gold Medal from the American Meteorological Society (2020).

**Recent Refereed Publications**

Gent, P. R., and J. C. McWilliams, 1990: Isopycnal mixing in ocean
circulation models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 150-155. This paper is
available as a 0.4Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 1991: The heat budget of the TOGA-COARE domain in an
ocean model. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 3323-3330. This paper is available
as a 0.6Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 1993: The energetically consistent shallow water
equations. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1323-1325. This paper is available
as a 0.2Mb pdf file.

Danabasoglu, G., J. C. McWilliams, and P. R. Gent, 1994: The role of
mesoscale tracer transports in the global ocean circulation. Science,
264, 1123-1126. This paper is available as a 0.9Mb
pdf file.

Gent, P. R., J. Willebrand, T. J. McDougall, and J. C. McWilliams, 1995:
Parameterizing eddy-induced tracer transports in ocean circulation
models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 463-474. This paper is available as a
1.0Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., and J. C. McWilliams, 1996: Eliassen-Palm fluxes and the
momentum equation in non-eddy-resolving ocean circulation models.
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 2539-2546. This paper is available as a
0.7Mb pdf file.

Allen, J. S., P. R. Gent and D. D. Holm, 1997: A note on Kelvin waves
in balance models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 2060-2063. This paper is
available as a 0.1Mb pdf file.

Boville, B. A., and P. R. Gent, 1998: The NCAR climate system model,
version one. J. Climate, 11, 1115-1130. This paper is available as a
0.9Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., F. O. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, S. C. Doney, W. R. Holland,
W. G. Large and J. C. McWilliams, 1998: The NCAR climate system model
global ocean component. J. Climate, 11, 1287-1306. This paper is
available as a 2.0Mb pdf file.

Large, W. G., and P. R. Gent, 1999: Validation of vertical mixing in an
equatorial ocean model using large eddy simulations and observations.
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 449-464. The paper is available as a
0.2Mb pdf file.

Wainer, I., P. R. Gent and G. Goni, 2000. Annual cycle of the
Brazil-Malvinas confluence region in the National Center for Atmospheric
Research Climate System Model. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26167-26177.
The paper is available as a 1.9Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., W. G. Large and F. O. Bryan, 2001: What sets the mean
transport through Drake Passage? J. Geophys. Res., 106, 2693-2712. The
paper is available as a 3.3Mb pdf file.

Large, W. G., G. Danabasoglu, J. C. McWilliams, P. R. Gent and F. O.
Bryan, 2001. Equatorial circulation of a global ocean climate model
with anisotropic horizontal viscosity. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,
31, 518-536. The paper is available as a
1.0Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2001: Will the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation
weaken during the 21st century? Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1023-1026.
The paper is available as a 0.2Mb pdf file.

Meehl, G. A., P. R. Gent, J. M. Arblaster, B. Otto-Bliesner, E. Brady
and A. Craig, 2001: Factors that affect the amplitude of El Nino in
global coupled climate models. Clim. Dyn., 17, 515-526. The paper is
avaialable as a 0.5Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2001: Parameterizing eddies in ocean climate models.
Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Advances in Mathematical
Modelling of Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics, 19-30, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, Dordrecht. The paper is available as a
0.3Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., A. P. Craig, C. M. Bitz and J. W. Weatherly, 2002:
Parameterization improvements in an eddy-permitting ocean model for
climate. J. Climate, 15, 1447-1459. The paper is available as a
0.6Mb pdf file.

Kiehl, J. T. and P. R. Gent, 2004: The Community Climate System Model,
version 2. J. Climate, 17, 3666-3682. The paper is available as a
1.2Mb pdf file.

P. R. Gent, and G. Danabasoglu, 2004: Heat uptake and the thermohaline
circulation in the Community Climate System Model, version 2.
J. Climate, 17, 4058-4069. The paper is available as a
0.3Mb pdf file.

Smith, R. D. and P. R. Gent, 2004: Anisotropic Gent-McWilliams
parameterization for ocean models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 2541-2564.
The paper is available as a 2.6Mb pdf file.

P. R. Gent, F. O. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, K. Lindsay, D. Tsumune,
M. W. Hecht and S. C. Doney, 2006: Ocean chlorofluorocarbon and heat
uptake during the 20th Century in the CCSM3. J. Climate, 19, 2366-2381.
The paper is available as a 2.6Mb pdf file.

Danabasoglu, G., W. G. Large, J. J. Tribbia, P. R. Gent, B. P.
Briegleb, and J. C. McWilliams, 2006: Diurnal coupling in the
tropical oceans of CCSM3. J. Climate, 19, 2347-2365. The paper
is available as a 1.4Mb pdf file.

Bitz, C. M., P. R. Gent, R. A. Woodgate, M. M. Holland, and R.
Lindsay, 2006: The influence of sea ice on ocean heat uptake in
response to increasing CO2. J. Climate, 19, 2437-2450. Plus:
Corrigendum, J. Climate, 20, 2864. The paper is available as a
1.8Mb pdf file. Corrigendum
pdf file.

Bryan, F. O., G. Danabasoglu, P. R. Gent, and K. Lindsay, 2006:
Changes in Ocean Ventilation during the 21st Century in the CCSM3.
Ocean Modelling, 15, 141-156. The paper is available as a
2.65Mb pdf file.

McDougall, T. J., P. R. Gent, and S. Drijfhout, 2007: Comment on
"Dynamical model of mesoscales in z-coordinates" and "The effect
of mesoscales on the tracer equation in z-coordinate OGCMs" by
Canuto and Dubovikov. Ocean Modelling, 17, 163-171. The paper
is available as a 0.3Mb pdf file.

McDougall, T. J., P. R. Gent, and S. Drijfhout, 2008: Comment on
"Complete Eulerian-mean tracer equation for coarse resolution OGCMs"
by Dubovikov and Canuto. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dynamics,
102, 249-256. The paper is available as a
0.6Mb pdf file.

Goes, M., I. Wainer, P. R. Gent, and F. O. Bryan, 2008: Changes
in subduction in the South Atlantic Ocean during the 21st Century
in the CCSM3. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L06701,
doi:10.1029/2007GL032762. The paper is available as a
2.1Mb pdf file.

Danabasoglu, G., and P. R. Gent, 2009: Equilibrium Climate Sensitivity:
is it accurate to use a slab ocean model? J. Climate, 22, 2494-2499.
The paper is available as a 1.5Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., S. G. Yeager, R. B. Neale, S. Levis, and D. A. Bailey,
2010: Improvements in a half degree atmosphere/land version of the
CCSM. Climate Dynamics, 34, 819-833, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0614-8.
The paper is available as a 3.3Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2011: The Gent-McWilliams parameterization: 20/20 hindsight.
Ocean Modelling, 39, 2-9, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.08.002. The paper
is available as a 0.5Mb pdf file.

Ringler, T. and P. R. Gent, 2011: An eddy closure for potential
vorticity. Ocean Modelling, 39, 125-134, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.02.003.
The paper is available as a 1.8Mb pdf file.

Farneti, R. and P. R. Gent, 2011: The effects of the eddy-induced
advection coefficient in a coarse-resolution coupled climate model.
Ocean Modelling, 39, 135-145, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.02.005. The
paper is available as a 2.1Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., G. Danabasoglu, L. Donner, M. Holland, E. Hunke, S. Jayne,
D. Lawrence, R. Neale, P. Rasch, M. Vertenstein, P. Worley, Z-L. Yang,
and M. Zhang, 2011: The Community Climate System Model version 4.
J. Climate, 24, 4973-4991. The paper is available as a
6.7Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R. and G. Danabasoglu, 2011: Response to increasing
Southern Hemisphere winds in CCSM4. J. Climate, 24, 4992-4998. The
paper is available as a 2.5Mb pdf file.

Bitz, C. M., K. M. Shell, P. R. Gent, D. Bailey, G. Danabasoglu, K. C.
Armour, M. M. Holland, and J. T. Kiehl, 2012: Climate sensitivity of
the Community Climate System Model version 4. J. Climate, 25, 3053-3070.
The paper is available as a 3.3Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2012: Coupled climate system modeling. Chapter in the
Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology; Springer
Publishing, pp 2509-2527, doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3. The chapter
is available as a 0.6Mb pdf file.

Lovenduski, N. S., M. C. Long, P. R. Gent and K. Lindsay, 2013: Multi-decadal
trends in the advection and mixing of natural carbon in the Southern Ocean.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 139-142, doi:10.1029/2012GL054483. The paper
is available as a 0.7Mb pdf file.

Mahlstein, I., P. R. Gent and S. Solomon, 2013: Historical Antarctic
mean sea ice area, sea ice trends, and winds in CMIP5 simulations.
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 5105-5110. The paper is available as a
1.0Mb pdf file.

Hurrell, J. W., M. M. Holland, P. R. Gent, et al., 2013: The Community Earth
System Model: A framework for collaborative research. BAMS, 94, 1339-1360.
The paper is available as a 1.8Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2013: Coupled models and climate projections. Chapter 23 in
Ocean Circulation and Climate, 2nd Ed. A 21st century perspective. Siedler,
G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (Eds.), Academic Press. The
chapter is available as a 1.4Mb pdf file.

Bryan, F. O., P. R. Gent and R. Tomas, 2014: Can Southern Ocean eddy
effects be parameterized in climate models? J. Climate, 27, 411-425.
The paper is available as a 2.2Mb pdf file.

Small, R. J., P. R. Gent, et al., 2014: A new synoptic scale resolving
global climate simulation using the Community Earth System Model. J.
Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6, 1065-1094, doi: 10.1002/2014MS000363. The
paper is available as a 3.8Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2016: Effects of Southern Hemisphere wind changes on the
meridional overturning circulation in ocean models. Annual Review of
Marine Science, 8, 79-94. The paper is available from this web site
1.5Mb pdf file.

Newsom, E., C. M. Bitz, F. O. Bryan, R. Abernathey and P. R. Gent, 2016:
Southern Ocean deep circulation and heat uptake in a high-resolution
climate model. J. Climate, 29, 2597-2619. The paper is available as a
6.2Mb pdf file.

Bishop, S. P., P. R. Gent, F. O. Bryan, A. F. Thompson, M. C. Long and
R. Abernathey, 2016: Southern Ocean overturning compensation in an
eddy-resolving climate simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 1575-1592.
The paper is available as a 22Mb pdf file.

Chen, Q., T. Ringler and P. R. Gent, 2016: Extending a potential vorticity
transport eddy closure to include a spatially-varying coefficient.
Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 71, 2206-2217. The paper is
available as a 1.6Mb pdf file.

Freeman, N. M., N. S. Lovenduski and P. R. Gent, 2016: Temporal
variability in the Antarctic Polar Front (2002–2014). J. Geophys. Res.,
121, 7263-7276: doi:10.1002/2016JC012145. The paper is available as a
1.0Mb pdf file.

Fasullo, J. T. and P. R. Gent, 2017: On the relationship between regional
ocean heat content and sea surface height. J. Climate, 30, 9195-9211. The
paper is available as a 18.7Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2018: A commentary on the Atlantic meridional overturning
circulation stability in climate models. Ocean Modell., 122, 57-66. The
paper is available as a 1.5Mb pdf file.

Cheng, W., P. R. Gent, et al., 2018: Can the salt-advection feedback be
detected in internal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning
circulation? J. Climate, 31, 6649-6667, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0825.1.
The paper is available as a 9.4Mb pdf file.

Wainer, I. and P. R. Gent, 2019: Changes in the Atlantic sector of the
Southern ocean estimated from the CESM last millennium ensemble.
Antarctic Science, 31, 37-51, doi:10.1017/S0954102018000433. The paper
is available as a 15.8Mb pdf file.

Marcello, F., I. Wainer, P. R. Gent, B. L. Otto-Bliesner and E. C. Brady,
2019: South Atlantic surface boundary current system during the last
millennium in the CESM-LME: The medieval climate anomaly and little ice
age. Geosciences, 9, 299, doi:10.3390/geosciences9070299. The paper is
available as a 1.9Mb pdf file.

Randall, D. A., P. R. Gent, et al., 2019: 100 years of Earth System Model
development. AMS Met. Monographs, doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0018.1.
The paper is available as a 2.8Mb pdf file.

Danabasoglu, G., L. Landrum, S. G. Yeager and P. R. Gent, 2019: Robust
and non-robust aspects of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
variability and mechanisms in the Community Earth System Model. J.
Climate, 32, 7349-7368. The paper is available as a
2.8Mb pdf file.

Fasullo, J. T., P. R. Gent, and R. S. Nerem, 2020: Forced patterns of sea
level rise in the Community Earth System Model large ensemble from 1920
to 2100. J. Geophys. Res., 125, doi.org/10.1029/2019JC016030. The paper
is available as a 20.3Mb pdf file.

Fasullo, J. T., P. R. Gent, and R. S. Nerem, 2020: Sea level rise in the
CESM large ensemble: The role of individual climate forcings and
consequences for the coming decades. J. Climate, 33, 6911-6927. The
paper is available as a 18.7Mb pdf file.

Gent, P. R., 2022: Climate Normals: Are they always communicated
correctly? Wea. Forecasting, 37, 1531-1532. The paper is available at
Weather and Forecasting.

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